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In 1745 Bartholomew Mosse, surgeon and man-midwife, founded the original Dublin Lying-In Hospital as a maternity training hospital, the first of its kind.
In 1757, the institution moved to a different location where it became "The New Lying-In Hospital". This is the hospital complex that is referred to today as simply "The Rotunda".
The Rotunda Hospital is unique as an institution in that it has continued to provide an unbroken record of service to women and babies since its foundation in 1745 and has occupied its present premises since 1757.
A more detailed account of the hospital`s history is available here - Chronological History of The Rotunda Hospital.pdf
Should you wish to learn more about The Rotunda Hospital`s history, you can contact The Rotunda Head Librarian, Anne O'Byrne by email l#i~b#r~a#r~y#|~r#o~t#u~n#d~a#.~i#e.
The book, Masters, Midwives, and Ladies-in-Waiting, edited by Alan Browne (a former Master of the Rotunda), and published by A&A Farmar, Dublin, (1995) gives a detailed account of developments in the Rotunda over the period 1945-95, which was the fifty year period of greatest change in the history of obstetrical care.